Cusco Travel Information


            

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Edition 2014 -  Cusco Viajes




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SAQSAYWAMAN

The Saqsaywaman archaeological complex has an area of 3,000 hectares and is located North of Cusco and is controlled by the National Cultural Institute. It includes the following archaeological monuments:

SAQSAYWAMAN.-
Located 2km from the city. Together with the city of Cusco, this monumental complex is considered the first of the new seven wonders of the world. This huge construction was planned and built by Andean Man. The Incas called it the House of the Sun and the Spaniards called it a fortress because of its zig-zag shape and the 1536 revolution. The construction, which is made up of three platforms one on top of the other, was one of the most important religious complexes of its time.

sacsayhuaman

Q'ENQO.-
The name means labyrinth or zigzag. Located 3km from Cusco, this temple dedicated to Mother Earth is a unique center of worship and for ceremonies. It has numerous ceremonial carvings, holes and canals cut into the rock. One of its features is a semi-natural underground chamber.

sacsayhuaman

The mixed-blood historian Garcilaso Vega described in his book "The Royal Commentaries" every detail of this sacred spot, its walls, rooms, towers, doors and canals, which have sparked great interest and admiration from visitors and residents alike. The enormous boulders that form part of the construction were put together perfectly without using mortar. The heaviest weighs up to 125 tons. Archaeologists are currently excavating and have discovered water fountains, canals and rooms. In a nearby flat area, every June 24 local inhabitants hold the Festival of the Sun, or Ind Raymi. Saqsaywaman witnessed important historic events.


qenqo


PUCA PUCARA.-
This construction is located 6km from Cusco. "Puca" in Quechua means "Red" and "Pucara" means "Fortress-Watchtower. Located at a strategic point along the road to the Antisuyo (the jungle part of the Inca empire), it also served as a checkpoint on the Inca road and was a military and administrative center.

TAMBOMACHAY.-
Located 7km from Cusco at 3,700 meters above sea level, this site was popularly known as the "Inca's Baths". Researchers believe Tambomachay was an important center of worship of water. It is an archaeological complex made up of well-crafted canals, walls and windows which show the Incas' extraordinary architectural talents and their in-depth knowledge of hydraulics.

LAQO, LANLAKUYOQ AND KUSILLUCHAYOQ.-
These pre-Columbian observatories have felines, serpents and birds carved into the rock and were ceremonial centers of worship. These observatories have to be visited by on foot.
The Saqsaywaman archaeological complex also boasts a singularly beautiful landscape and abundant flora and fauna. This includes llama, kestrels and falcons ("Wuaman" in Quechua).
Continuing along the route we come to Pisaq.


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